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Out of the Blue Ice: IND creates a Portfolio Project for Pertplus.

Published on February 6, 2015 by in Uncategorized
ut of the Blue Ice: IND creates a Portfolio Project for Pertplus.

Why not an M2? Why not a Porsche? Why an M235i? Why modify any car to this extent? Simply put, IND’s Portfolio Program has never offered clients the easy way out. It is far easier to purchase one of the many incredible varieties of 911, and have Porsche build it to suit. It is far easier to begin with a more extravagant car, and simply add wheels, suspension, and an exhaust system.

It is far easier to operate a business in the tuning industry in the warmth of California. It is far easier to make a living in the tuning industry by selling cheap parts built in countries that place a low value on human lives and labor. It is far easier to do all of these things, but it is not for IND. At IND, we have never been in favor of choosing the easy solution, and it is therefore natural that our highest level of service, our Portfolio Program, caters to clients who understand that the easy road is not always the one to take. Matt, known as Pertplus online, is one such client.

It is therefore only appropriate that this car be born into the dead of the Chicago winter. It is only appropriate for this M235i to be born out of the Blue Ice.


It’s impossible not to see the elephant in the room when looking at the photos: this car is considerably wider than a factory-original M235i. The width of this car came from a need to satisfy the overall concept, our goal of creating a superior precursor to the M2, with respect to visual impact, interior fit and finish, and components used. As with many IND Portfolio Projects, this M235 was delivered to us in brand-new condition, with a mere 9 miles on the odometer. Such low mileage cars are both exciting and nerve-wracking to work with. The untouched palette granting us a unique opportunity to practice our craft on the one hand, but the absolutely perfect condition of the car setting the bar incredibly high: our final product must have identical or better fit, finish, and quality to what is possible inside BMW’s state of the art manufacturing facilities. No panel can move or rattle, no clips can be loose, and no piece of bodywork misaligned.

IND would borrow from the best available to create this M235, taking cues from BMW M, Fall Line Motorsport, BMW Performance, BBS Motorsport, KW Motorsport, 3D Design, Gruppe M, and Eisenmann to create a complete picture that enables the M spirit to thrive. We knew that the wheel and tire specs would define and constrain this project: only BBS Motorsport would do. Only 265 and 295 width tires would grant this car the correct personality.

With these sizes as the starting point, we were able to calculate the correct widths for the BBS Motorsport E05 wheels, and in turn, the correct offsets. BMW did not bless the M235i with substantial inboard clearance, and so our only choice was to go out. As with all of IND’s bodywork, careful attention was paid to the original body lines of the car. The fenders and quarter panels take inspiration from BMW’s greats like the E46 M3, and were designed to give the appearance of an original BMW part. Each flare was carefully hand-build, starting with a master tool and followed by a faithful composite layup which would eventually be bonded to the car’s body. The position, placement, scale, and shape of the flares could not interfere with the existing bodylines, and had to augment what was already in place. Although this was no small feat in its own right, we also knew that we would have to widen the side skirts to meet the car’s new hips. The basic shape of the bumpers had to be revisited as well, to ensure that the front and rear bumper could meet the new wider body work. Body lines had to be added, new shapes created, making this an exercise in design as well as fabrication. Even the 3D Design front lip was modified, to accommodate this M235’s new aggressive stance. A 3D Design trunk spoiler was added to add drama to the top of the car, enabling us to match the rear quarter panels.

Finally, we spent countless hours carefully modifying the original M235i grilles from their original single-slat versions, to the double slat style found on today’s M cars. While this was a small detail, we felt that it was a critical component of the personality of the car.

-Suspension and brakes-

KW’s 3 way adjustable ClubSport coilovers were an obvious choice for this car- the damping, height, and camber adjustability was necessary for both wheel fitment and performance reasons, and KW’s relationship with BMW as an original equipment supplier was an ideal fit for a car that had to give a “built by BMW” experience. Brembo’s GT kit was again an obvious choice for this project. No other brake manufacturer owns foundries specifically to cast and forge metal in-house, giving Brembo a level of process control that is absolutely unparalleled. Brembo is a long-standing original equipment supplier, and like KW was original equipment on the venerable M3 GTS, another fact that helped to earn this GT kit a home on the Blue Ice. The GT kit calipers have been painted in an Estoril Blue color with a gold flake added to coordinate with the gold BBS Motorsport E05 wheels. Macht Schnell’s stud kit was added for easy wheel changes and a more race-ready look, rounding off the wheel and brake package.

-Intake and exhaust system-

A car with this visual presence would not be complete without a matching growl. We turned to Eisenmann to give this car its sound, and to remove restriction from the original BMW exhaust system. Eisenmann’s exhaust system was hand-built from 304 stainless steel and shipped directly to IND, giving this M235 a chance to be the first in the United States to enjoy the powerful roar granted by the Eisenmann exhaust. A Gruppe M intake was imported from Japan to add induction wail to the soundtrack, giving the drivetrain the personality it deserves. Finally, IND finished the engine cover in a wrinkle black with blue details, perfectly aligning the look of the intake manifold with our “OEM Plus” goal.


Our biggest challenge was to create an interior that would maintain BMW’s design language and philosophy, while simultaneously besting BMW at every turn. Starting with BMW’s own Euro-only Performance fabric as a guiding theme, IND transformed every surface of the M235’s interior, giving this car an absolutely one-of-a-kind driving environment.

BMW’s extensive use of Alcantara in the Performance line enabled IND to follow suit. After removing every single interior component from the car, we began to change the car’s cabin piece by piece. The dash was upholstered in Alcantara with color-coded blue stitch. The headliner and rear parcel shelf followed, and both are now wrapped in fresh Alcantara. BMW’s Euro-only Performance fabric was imported, its distinctive hexagonal pattern to be applied sparingly throughout the cabin in order to perfectly accompany the BMW Performance interior trim set.

Simply adding BMW Performance seats would not suit a project of this caliber, so IND upholstered the new Performance seats with the same Alcnatara and Performance hex fabric, adding blue stitch to perfectly coordinate the interior with the car’s Estoril Blue color. Custom-webbed blue belts were a must, adding vibrancy.

This set of seats was wrapped in full unlike our previous Performance seat projects to give the car’s interior a more luxurious feel. The seat backs, and even recline adjustment knobs are all wrapped in Alcantara, all with blue color coordinated stich! Illuminated M logos from the F82 M4 cars were an extra touch, giving these Performance seats an even more distinctive personality.

Our Performance steering wheel with carbon trim was wrapped in a perforated Alcantara, following BMW’s own style choice of material while adding the classic feel of a perforated grip. BMW Performance carbon shift and parking brake handles complement the BMW Performance shift knob surround, all of which are customized further with perforated Alcantara carefully matched to the steering wheel. An Awron gauge system was installed to display a myriad of engine vitals, providing data on oil temperature, water temperature, boost, and a great deal of additional data at a glance. 3D Design pedals complete the driver interface, giving much-needed grip in all driving scenarios.

Finally, the car visited the master race car builders at Fall Line Motorsports for the best possible alignment, and a limited slip differential install. This would complete the car dynamically, and make the M235 as interactive and engaging as an M car should be.

Our partners at Fall Line always have an incredible array of race cars under their roof, but what we saw quietly nestled on their last storage lift that day left me in absolute shock for nearly half of an hour.

The Porsche 962 is an absolute treasure in the racing world. Only a few exist on the planet, and they are truly incredible machines, with the one seen here valued at over $2,000,000. The 962 operated in races around the world, ranging from IMSA to the All Japan Prototype Championship, to Group C, and was driven by legends like Hans Stuck. Few prototype cars have such a decorated history, or such a long service life. To have this M235i project worked on in the same building as a real 962 is an honor, and a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity.

Finally, after several months of intense effort, the Blue Ice M235i is ready to send home to its owner. Matt did not simply grant us to opportunity to modify an M235i, but rather an opportunity to reach beyond our own abilities, to push our creative talent, and to create a car that is at once extreme in its scope of modification, and subtle in the way those modifications are presented. Matt, thank you for taking this journey with us, not because it was easy, but because it was worth it.

-Bonus shots and details

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Pad swept area: a quick comparison between BMW OEM and Brembo GT.

Published on January 21, 2015 by in Uncategorized
Pad swept area: a quick comparison between BMW OEM and Brembo GT.

The introduction of a monobloc fixed caliper on the F8x M cars was a windfall for M3 fans everywhere, improving not only the appearance and style of the car’s brake system from the factory, but also (and most importantly), the temperature control, stopping power, and pedal feel. The change from the old E92 M3’s sliding multi-piece calipers to the current fixed calipers represented a technological leap, and M fans around the world expressed their excitement.

IND plans to take advantage of the improved brake system found in the F8x M cars by further developing those components, including drop-in brake pad and rotor solutions from industry leaders like Race Technologies and Girodisc, along with pad and fluid packages that will help make the M4 a performer in harsh track environments. Our developments here will help the M community enjoy their cars in HPDE and road course lapping days by making simple, relatively low cost modifications.

With that said, the F8x M cars continue to suffer from BMW M’s tendency of opting for very large brake calipers with a high performance appearance, but coupling those with relatively small brake pads with limited effective swept area. It is this attribute that I wanted to elaborate on in this thread. Brake pad swept area is a contributing factor in nearly all aspects of braking performance, and impacts everything from overall generated friction, to temperature dissipation and rotor wear.

I’ve created a number of CAD drawings in SolidWorks of both the OE BMW brake pads, and a Brembo GT front pad for comparison purposes, to illustrate the difference in swept area between the two kits. My analysis of each pad’s respective area gave the following results:

M3/M4 OEM front: 71cm²

M3/M4 OEM rear: 40cm²

Brembo GT front: 95cm²

Brembo GT rear: 62cm²

The top pads in the below photo are from Brembo’s GT big brake kit, while the bottom pads are part of IND’s OEM fitment performance pad development program.

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In the presence of giants- IND’s M4 visits Fall Line Motorsports

Published on January 19, 2015 by in Uncategorized
In the presence of giants- IND’s M4 visits Fall Line Motorsports

Having installed the brand new 3D Design aero kit on IND’s M4, we stopped by Fall Line Motorsports to plan the next steps for our M car. We managed to capture some images while discussing suspension packages for IND’s clients. We were honored to be in the presence of so much racing prowess, and feel truly lucky to be partnered with Fall Line. The ability to offer our clients the combination of IND’s street performance expertise along with Fall Line’s setup, alignment, and race engineering experience is a privilege for us at IND.

IND’s M4 is currently using KW’s Variant 3 coilovers, HRE R101 wheels in 18″, and Brembo’s 380mm GT kit to complete the new look and feel offered by our Eisenmann exhaust and 3D Design aero kit.

Enjoy the photos!

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Official info on AMS’ new M5 tune, from IND!

Published on January 17, 2015 by in Uncategorized
Official info on AMS’ new M5 tune, from IND!

After two years of waiting, the F10 M5’s S63tu engine control has been unlocked to tuners with the M5 community buzzing with a palpable excitement. IND understands that unlocking the car’s engine control is only half of the picture- after learning to effectively communicate with the ECU, we must also understand how to properly modify the engine’s behavior and look at all engine components from a complete system perspective. Changing one aspect of the engine’s behavior will impact all of the other parameters as well.

It is precisely this understanding, and this level of complete system control that an open ECU allows, and a piggy back controller can never achieve. It is precisely for this reason that IND dropped our M5 at AMS for research and development nearly two years ago, eschewing the easy to obtain alternatives offered by cheap, low quality piggy back controllers. Today, we are proud to announce that our (and your) wait is over.

AMS Performance has finally released an Alpha tune for the F10 M5, and as expected the first M5 to be tuned by AMS has yielded incredible results. The months of testing and development on IND’s own F10 M5 have given AMS a running start, and combined with AMS’ incredible knowledge of tuning and engine control systems will now ensure that AMS performance software continues to be an industry leader in the F10 M5 market. AMS has an absolutely one-of-a-kind history within the tuning community. AMS has set records in drag racing, road racing, time attack, and nearly every other form of motorsport, starting from their humble beginnings with DSM cars, and finally moving to Evo and GTR platforms. The tuning community knows that an AMS Alpha car is an absolutely fearsome machine.

AMS’ Alpha tune for the M5 will include:

* 100 horsepower gain over the factory power output
* True ECU reflash, balancing the critical parameters of the engine for safe operation
* Top speed limiter removal
* CEL removal

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IND | First production BBS FI-R wheel revealed!

IND | First production FI-R wheel revealed!

We are proud to show the first BBS FI-R wheel! Although these are not yet available for sale, IND was able to secure the first set in the world for one of our valued clients.

This set, produced for a 991 TurboS, was refinished by IND in BMW’s Pyrite Brown color, and is on it’s way to it’s owner now! All of us at IND are thrilled at the opportunity to present this production set to the BimmerPost community, months before the first FI-R wheels enter production at BBS Germany.

Please follow this link for more information on the FI-R project:


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Introducing 3D Design F8X M3/M4 Program!

Introducing 3D Design F8X M3/M4 Program!

The new 3D Design program was just released by 3D Japan! IND will be featuring the full kit on the iND M4 very soon. We also have an F80 M3 in the works that will be featuring the sedan trunk spoiler and side skirts. 3D is also set to release a set of Right hand drive carbon mirror caps.

The 3D Design F8X M3/M4 program will take a different manufacturing approach than previous chassis. All pieces will be 2×2 twill weave and more importantly pre-preg construction. This manufacturing process will allow 3D Design to offer an even higher quality material finish. The program will consist of a front lip, rear diffuser, trunk spoiler, side skirt set, suspension, and of course their billet aluminum pedal set.

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Eisenmann E9x M3 Signature tips 4x90mm (Limited release)

Eisenmann E9x M3 Signature tips 4x90mm (Limited release)

Eisenmann Exhaust Systems GmbH has been manufacturing exhaust systems since 1988. Eisenmann enjoys two decades of experience as an OE supplier for Porsche, Mercedes AMG, Mercedes McLaren, Reiger Tuning GmbH, AC Schnitzer, and many other firms. The lessons learned as an OE supplier allow Eisenmann to bring this same level of expertise to performance exhaust systems and enabled Eisenmann to create an exhaust for the E9x M3 that is specifically tailored to the S65 V8’s tonal characteristics for the perfect sound along with a power increase.

Eisenmann’s exhaust system for the E9x M3 is undoubtedly one of the best selling units manufactured by the Stuttgart-based exhaust company. The E9X system, like all Eisenmann’s, are constructed by hand to order, and built entirely from 304 stainless steel material. In celebration of such success we petitioned Eisenmann to build a limited quantity of E9X systems featuring the new F8X M3/M4 signature tip. This release will consist of 25 units and is on a first-come, first-served basis.

The signature tip featured on the F8X M3/M4 exhaust is an adjustable 90mm aluminum tip. Eisenmann’s new “Signature” tips are specifically designed to emulate the style of the BMW M tips, to allow our clients to remain within the M realm of design and appearance, while simultaneously having something very unique- the added “LeMans style” inner tip is an Eisenmann hallmark, and has been unique to Eisenmann for over a decade. The brushed coating featured on the outside of the tip is a nano-coating realized through Eisenmann’s experience as an OE producer for Porsche.

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The first volley of performance parts by Fall Line Motorsports!

The first volley of performance parts by Fall Line Motorsports!

As Fall Line motorsports prepares for some major announcements during their 2015 race season, we at IND are proud to introduce the new F8x M3/M4 Fall Line Motorsports performance parts program. IND is proud to consider Fall Line a key partner in our ventures, having the pleasure of working with Fall Line for over 6 years to offer safety equipment, bespoke suspension components, and engine performance parts for IND’s Portfolio clients, we are proud to release a line of production parts specifically designed for the F8x M chassis.

One of the most exciting aspects of this project is the opportunity to look at the F8x M chassis cars in a wholesale systems approach. Fall Line’s racing experience, and their plans for the F8x M cars in motorsport enable IND and Fall Line staff to look at each area of the car as a complete system, knowing that an adjustment to one part will have an impact on the behavior of others. Although each part can be purchased separately, the parts presented by Fall Line will be designed to work together in harmony, for the best performing M3 and M4 possible.

The items now being built by Fall Line Motorsports will be a part of an ever-expanding parts catalog, which will continue to grow as Fall Line gears up to race the F8x M cars at the professional and club levels. What follows is a summary of our current efforts, with a basic description of each of the components Fall Line has created thus far. Expect a complete thread for each part in the near future, with more coming soon!

At present, we are proud to introduce the following components:

JRZ RS line of dampers

JRZ suspension was formed in 1994, and created around a need to innovate beyond standard damper technology. JRZ’s proprietary damper design focuses specifically on optimizing control of the vehicle’s unsprung mass. JRZ has found that their dampers result in reduced tire wear, increased mechanical grip, and overall better performance.

The Fall Line JRZ product line is custom tailored for Fall Line Motorsports specifically, and enables Fall Line to apply their analysis of the M4 directly to the suspension they create. The preparation for Fall Line’s 2015 racing program has enabled Fall Line and JRZ engineers to work together to create the best possible combination of damper valving, spring rate, and overall system design specifically tailored for the F8x M chassis cars.

Fall Line front mono ball kit

Fall Line’s mono ball spherical bearing conversion kit transforms the front steering and suspension feel of the M3/4. The factory rubber bushing is very large, and is prone to substantial deflection under load, as the M4 is put through its paces. Deflection of the bushing can create unwanted geometry change, steering wobble under braking, and even hysteresis of the thrust arm.

The Fall Line mono ball kit replaces the large rubber bushing found in the original thrust arm with a top quality spherical bearing by Aurora. The bearing’s housing is precision machine from aluminum, to create a rigid part that allows for the M4’s thrust arm to move smoothly through its range of suspension travel. The improvement in steering and suspension feel is immediate and truly enhances the
personality of the M4.

Fall Line race toe link kit

The race toe link kit by Fall Line Motorsports is designed to facilitate rapid adjustments of toe during an alignment, and combined with the tension strut will also enable adjustment of overall track. Not only does this allow for fine tuning of wheel fitment, these arms will allow an alignment shop to make quick work of car setup, even simplifying the camber adjustment process as a result.

A byproduct of multi-link suspension arrangements is a dynamic change in the car’s alignment settings- when making an adjustment to one attribute like camber, track width and toe will follow. This is especially true for the F8x cars, as the original BMW camber eccentric bolt has a major impact on toe as well. Alignments are made faster and simpler when using a set of aftermarket lower arms, enabling the alignment tech to easily reset toe after adjusting camber.

The race toe links utilize a unique clamp-style fastener system as seen in BMW’s own tie rods and Porsche Motorsport components, tightening the adjustment arm in place with no stretch of the hardware or change of alignment. Less expensive jam-nut designs limit precision and nearly guarantee an alignment change when the jam-nut is tightened. As will all Fall Line suspension components, high quality Aurora bearings are used to ensure a very long service life. ARP hardware is used throughout to guarantee the highest level of durability. Laser cut lockout washers correctly eliminate the original BMW adjustment, eliminating any unwanted movement in the system.

Fall Line Rear Upper control arm bearings

Rubber bushings found in the M4’s rear upper arms are the last weak link in an otherwise rigid suspension. The original BMW bushings yield to cornering forces applied to the suspension, resulting in camber and toe change that is not ideal for performance driving. Fall Line’s kit replaces the soft upper control arm bushings with military spec Aurora brand spherical bearings, enabling the rear suspension arms to move smoothly through their travel and giving the rear of a car a more solid, planted feel. The reduced geometry change allows for the car to retain its desired alignment, maintaining better control over the tire’s behavior under heavy load.

Fall Line tow strap

The Fall Line Motorsports tow strap is the highest quality strap available for BMW M cars. Fall Line combines 5 axis CNC machined stainless steel hardware with a CNC sewn strap for an extremely robust piece that will withstand the rigors of repeated use. The high strength webbing is available in an extensive selection of colors, and can be ordered in custom colors for no additional charge. Each strap is designed to thread perfectly into the M3/M4’s bumper reinforcement for an easy install.

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Preview of 3D Design F8X M3/M4 Program

Published on December 8, 2014 by in Uncategorized
Preview of 3D Design F8X M3/M4 Program

We have received quite a few inquiries regarding the impending 3D Design program for the F8X M3/M4. With the new year right around the corner, it is a great opportunity to show case what the gentlemen at 3D Design Japan have been up to.

The 3D Design F8X M3/M4 program will take a different manufacturing approach than previous chassis. All pieces will be 2×2 twill weave and more importantly pre-preg construction. This manufacturing process will allow 3D Design to offer an even higher quality material finish. The program will consist of a front lip, rear diffuser, trunk spoiler, side skirt set, suspension, and of course their billet aluminum pedal set.

The rest of the line as well as pricing information will be available in approximately 1-2 weeks. In the interim, we are always happy to field any questions or comments.


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BBS FI-R concept wheels, first look from Essen Motorshow!

Published on December 1, 2014 by in Uncategorized
BBS FI-R concept wheels, first look from Essen Motorshow!

IND and BBS: a history.

I eluded to some new product from BBS in October this year, in this thread:


We are lifelong BBS fans here at IND- the wheel manufacturer’s commitment to motorsport, technology, and innovation is literally second to none. No other wheel manufacturer in the world has such an illustrious history of racing success. No other wheel manufacturer has so consistently innovated, ever since BBS’ work with the 3 piece wheel in the 1970s.

Most recently, the BBS FI wheel design created an explosion of imitators and replicas. IND was first to introduce the FI wheel on a road-going car in 2010:


Every major wheel company in the business had to have an FI style wheel design to stay relevant, and all did what they could to have a shot at the instant classic. Knowing that this fate was inevitable, I have been asking BBS for a follow up to the venerable FI since our visit to BBS’ German-based Motorsport facility, two years ago:


Introducing the BBS FI-R concept

The BBS FI-R is an idea several years in the making. After holding my tongue to the community since our initial trip to Germany, it is with tremendous relief that I present our first images of the FI-R concept wheel. While this is still a concept and sizing, pricing, and fitments are not yet finalized, we can say with confidence that this wheel is similar in overall theme to the production piece, sans the incredible center lock for BMW applications, of course.

“How can we make the FI better?”

I distinctly recall asking the head engineering at BBS Motorsport. His answer did not surprise me, but did implant itself in my memory-

“If we add a spoke, remove a spoke, or move the spokes significantly, the wheel will be heavier, or weaker, or both. We have done countless calculations to confirm this.”

The FI spoke shape is literally state of the art. It is the lightest possible configuration, devised by a company that has been building racing wheels since the 1970s. Arriving at this point was no small feat, and improving on this design was something initially considered impossible. The next step in the FI’s evolution was even more complex, and shown in the images below.

BBS Motorsport has carved relief holes directly into the spokes. After over a year of development, the engineers at BBS have confirmed that this design is no weaker than the original track-proven FI, and yet even lighter than the already featherweight wheel. Special machines were purchased, specifically to shape these wheels. Although this wheel is not yet in production, I am confident that the FI-R will set the bar for years to come.

Please excuse the quality of the images- IND had a limited presence at the Essen show, and will capture better images as soon as possible.

Bonus images
We also captured some bonus images of classic BBS Motorsport wheels, featured at the Essen show:

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